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Extradural brain haemorrhage may also be referred to as an extradural haematoma or an epidural haematoma. This condition happens when a bleed starts between the inside of the skull and the outer covering of the brain. This covering is known as the dura. These types of haemorrhages are usually caused by injuries to the skull or skull fractures and are the result of a ruptured artery. Younger children can also experience venous bleeding in addition to arterial bleeding.

The bleeding that occurs from an extradural haemorrhage is quite fast and tends to collect and pool in one area that then presses on the brain. This pressure can kill the brain cells which can result in brain damage. Permanent brain damage is possible unless the bleeding is treated promptly. Death can also occur in a short time, from several minutes to a few hours.

Brain haemorrhage solicitors can help you to start a compensation claim for any injuries that occurred because of medical negligence.


There are several tell tale symptoms of extradural haemorrhages. These symptoms include: dizziness, severe headaches, an enlarged pupil in just one eye, general weakness, nausea, vomiting, confusion, altered mental state and loss of consciousness. The symptoms usually present themselves within a few minutes up to an hour after the head trauma has occurred. In most cases, there is a sudden loss of consciousness immediately following the injury, alertness and then a second loss of consciousness.


A full neurological work-up needs to be conducted in order to locate any areas of bleeding or increased pressure. Time is most definitely of the essence and medical attention needs to be administered as soon as possible. Imaging scans, such as a CT scan, need to be done and surgery is commonly ordered.


Since extradural haemorrhages are extremely serious, prompt medical attention is critical to survival. A neurosurgeon needs to be consulted and the brain will need to be opened up to allow the blood to drain and the pressure to decrease. The bleeding then needs to be stopped and the damaged area needs to be repaired.

IV therapy and intubation will be required to help the patient properly heal. Medications to reduce pressure and inflammation will also be required. In some cases, seizure medication may be needed for a period of time following the procedure.


regrettably, the prognosis for patients suffering an extradural haemorrhage is not good. Most people do not get the prompt attention required and often perish. Even when proper medical care is given, there is still a high risk of permanent disabilities or death.


As with other types of brain bleeds, there are several complications that can arise. Seizures are quite common and may affect the patient for many months or years following the injury. Most recovery happens over a period of six months, with maximum recovery reached after approximately two years. Coma, brain hernias, hydrocephalus and death may also result.

Medical Negligence Solicitors

Our experienced brain haemorrhage solicitors know exactly how devastating these cases can be and just how important proper medical care is to a favourable outcome. In the event that you or someone you know has had his or her physical condition worsened because of medical negligence, we can help. Please email, phone, or use our contact form on this site for a no obligation, no cost solicitors consultation.



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The author of the substantive medical writing on this website is Dr. Christine Traxler MD whose biography can be read here