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It is worth noting that head injury and traumatic brain injury are not necessarily the same thing. It is quite possible to have severe head injury without any brain damage and to have traumatic brain injury without any outward sign of damage to the head. An injury to the head without involvement of damage to the brain is still capable of attracting substantial awards in a head injury solicitors compensation claim.

Residual Symptoms

Although most cases of head injury are mild, there are many people who suffer serious difficulties and have long term residual symptoms. Damages can be claimed by a head injury solicitor for chronic disabilities and the award in a personal injury compensation claim takes account of future losses. Two common problems that may be permanent are :-

  • Post traumatic epilepsy - it has been estimated that 1 in 20 people who suffer brain damage start to have epileptic fits.
  • Hydrocephalus - which is a build up of fluid causing pressure on the brain often resulting in physical and psychological problems and affects less than 1 in a 100 people.

TBI Causes

Brain damage is most often caused as a result of :-

  • Closed head injury which occurs when the head stops suddenly while in motion and the brain hits the inside of the skull causing damage. This can also occur without external damage to the head and outward appearances can be deceptive as there may be severe damage to the brain. This often results from the brain swelling resulting in an increase in intracranial pressure which causes further compression injury.
  • Open head injury occurs when an object penetrates the skull. If the force is great enough, the skull can fracture however this terminology refers to the condition of the skull and not the brain. A person may be described as having an open injury with or without severe traumatic damage.


Diagnosis of brain damage is usually carried out by a combination of methods including scans and by the use of psychometric testing which can examine many different aspects of the brains' performance. The main categories include :-

  • Minor head injury which rarely results in permanent problems however symptoms may include headache, dizziness, sensitivity to noise or light, ringing in the ears, blurred or double vision, restlessness, insomnia, reduced concentration, poor memory, tiredness, irritability, anxiety and depression. A head injury may also cause temporary emotional difficulties.
  • Moderate head injury or severe head injury which may result in permanent problems including difficulty with attention, tiredness, learning, memory, solving problems and planning. Emotions may also be affected leading to deterioration in ability to hold down a job and maintain close relationships.

Head Injury Solicitors

Our head injury solicitors operate the no win no fee* scheme otherwise known as a conditional fee agreement. No legal charge is payable unless the legal case is won and the client obtains an award of compensation. In the event that the legal claim is lost there is no charge made to the client. Our head injury solicitors can help you assert your rights and get the compensation you deserve. If you would like to know if you can claim just use the helpline or complete the contact form or email our offices and a solicitor who is a member of the Solicitors Regulation Authority panel of personal injury will speak to you on the telephone to offer advice at no cost and without further obligation.



*Legal Information

The author of the substantive medical writing on this website is Dr. Christine Traxler MD whose biography can be read here