Our neonatal hypoglycaemia solicitors give advice on no win no fee* compensation claims. If your child has suffered as a result of undiagnosed neonatal hypoglycaemia just call the helpline for free advice with no further obligation. Our neonatal hypoglycaemia solicitors use legal aid arrangements to pursue risk free compensation claims. For legal aid only the child's income (which is inevitably zero) is considered in making the assessment to grant legal aid. Do yourself justice and give our neonatal hypoglycaemia solicitors a call.

Thousands of clinical compensation claims are initiated every year in the United Kingdom by medical negligence solicitors on behalf of people from all walks of life. A multitude of operations and procedures are executed successfully however a small percentage do go wrong, laying the grounds for medical negligence solicitors to take legal action in order to claim compensation. Both legal aid and the no win no fee* scheme are available to pursue medical negligence compensation claims. Please contact us for help pursuing your claim.

Neonatal Hypoglycaemia Solicitors Information

Neonatal hypoglycaemia is defined as have a low blood sugar-also known as blood glucose-in the first couple of days after a child is born. Glucose provides energy to the body, particularly the brain. This means that glucose is necessary for optimal brain function in the neonate.

Before the child is born, it receives glucose from the mother's bloodstream. If the blood sugar in the mother just before birth is high, the baby responds by making extra insulin on a chronic basis so that the infant's blood sugar is normal, even in the presence of high blood sugar in the mother. When finally separated from the mother, the blood sugar from the mother is suddenly not available and yet the insulin level is still high. This results in a very low blood sugar in the baby unless the baby is provided with some form of glucose and the insulin is allowed to equilibrate and become normal.

Infant formula is turned into glucose by the liver for use by the body. New-born babies who have mildly low blood sugar can be given formula shortly after birth to bring up the blood sugar. Babies with moderately low blood sugar can be treated with a concentrated form of sugar water. Babies with severe neonatal hypoglycaemia can be managed with intravenous sugar solutions.

The causes of a low blood sugar situation in new-born babies can also be an unnatural production of insulin due to an increased size of the pancreas, the organ that produces insulin. There can be poor glucose stores in the liver. Glucose stores are called glycogen. The baby may not be making enough glucose in the liver or the baby could be ill and using more glucose than is actually be made by the liver or received through formula.

Neonatal hypoglycaemia remains among the most common metabolic disorder in new-borns. One can see it in 1-3 out of every thousand births.

Look for the following additional illnesses in new-borns who present with neonatal hypoglycaemia:

  • Infection of the blood
  • Low thyroid condition
  • Intrauterine growth retardation
  • Inborn errors of metabolism
  • Low oxygen condition just before birth
  • A large for gestational age infant
  • If the mother has diabetes, either gestational diabetes or normal diabetes
  • If the mother has a uterine infection around the time of the birth of the infant
  • If the baby is premature
  • If the baby is small for gestational age

When an infant has neonatal hypoglycaemia, there can be several symptoms a nurse or doctor needs to pay attention to. The child can have bluish colouring to the skin called cyanosis. The baby may not be able to breathe well. The muscle tone is decreased and the baby may be grunting or irritable. The baby may be listless or may have vomiting. The skin might be pale and there may be pauses in the breathing pattern. The baby may not feed well and can have rapid or irregular breathing. There can be tremors or shakiness of the body along with sweating or, in the worst cases, a seizure problem.

When symptoms of the condition occur, the blood sugar is checked and often it is below forty mg/dL. In severe cases, it can read just "Low", which means it's less than 20 mg/dL. Doctors should also do screening tests for inborn errors of metabolism or low thyroid condition. The blood sugar is often repeatedly checked to make sure it normalizes while treatment is given.

Ideally, glucose water, breast milk or formula should be given as soon as the diagnosis is made of neonatal hypoglycaemia. Intravenous glucose should be given if the infant is unable to feed orally or if the blood sugar is remarkably low. It takes several hours of treatment in general but it can take up to a week. Diazoxide or ocreotide are medications that can be used. Diazoxide increases blood sugar levels and ocreotide reduces insulin production.

Babies with prolonged low blood sugar can suffer from developmental delay, seizures or heart failure. For these reasons, it is important for the doctors and nurses to pay close attention to the examination of the baby.

Our neonatal hypoglycaemia solicitors give free advice on legal aid and no win no fee* compensation claims. If your child has suffered as a result of undiagnosed neonatal hypoglycaemia just call the helpline for free advice with no further obligation. Do yourself justice and give our neonatal hypoglycaemia solicitors a call.



The author of the substantive medical writing on this website is Dr. Christine Traxler MD whose biography can be read here